Democrazia deliberativa e superamento dei conflitti. Dalla teoria alla pratica
The number of conflicts between citizens and institutions is increasing, especially concerning the choices that are to be made in terms of infrastructure. The article aims at highlighting the link between the dynamics of conflict and those of participation, stressing how the lack of public information and the absence of participation and inclusion in the decision-making process are the main causes of the opposition put in place by the so-called NIMBY phenomenon. Furthermore, the definitions of the concept of participatory democracy and, above all, deliberative democracy, are developed, focusing on some of the most important theoretical references, and analyzing two particularly relevant instances in relation to deliberative processes within the Italian territory: that of the municipality of Ponte Buggianese (PT), which, making use of the regional law’s effects on participation (l.r. Toscana n . 69/2007), has developed a decision-making process regarding the development of the Padule di Fucecchio, and that of Ponente di Genova’s Gronda Autostradale.
Keywords: Nimby – Conflicts – Deliberative democracy – Participative democracy – Case Studies
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